Tankers Aframax spot rates rose 50% from the previous week to $ 18,203. Refineries are slowly but surely increasing activity. We expect global refinement “throughput” to be 2.4 mb / d higher in the second half of 2019 vs the first half of 2019. This lays the groundwork for a strong tanker market. VLCC rates fell somewhat last week, despite increased activity in the Middle East. Suezmax rates remain relatively robust and are in line with last week at $ 16,036. In general, we see a stronger tanker market going forward as expanded pipeline infrastructure in the US is ready.